QUESTION: What is the longest-used method of dealing with Summer's heat around the world?
A) Air conditioning
B) A fan
C) A pool
D) Long sleeved shirts and pants
Yes, we are nearing the end of Summer (too soon!), which means the temperatures will be coming down in the next few weeks. Considering how hot parts of the country have been, maybe the change of season will be a good thing, but nowadays there is air conditioning to make Summer more palatable. There are plenty of people through the ages who deserve credit for bringing us where we are now with artificially cooling the air around us, but the man who deserves credit for the invention that changed everything was Willis Carrier.
When Carrier invented the first "modern" air conditioner in 1902, he did it to assure that paper used by the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographic Company of Brooklyn, New York would not change size and condition when being dyed. His invention was intended to do four things: control temperature, control humidity, control air circulation, and cleanse the air. Carrier's invention was patented, but he couldn't find investors to widely produce it for thirteen years. The Carrier Engineering Corporation opened in Newark, New Jersey in time for World War I to break out. In 1925, he debuted at the Rivoli Theater in Times Square, Manhattan. Going to the movies to escape the heat became a big thing after that. And people started moving to the desert, bringing air conditioners along to help beat the heat. But the Great Depression slowed things down. Carrier did show up at the 1939 World's Fair in New York with an artificially-cooled igloo, which was great public relations. World War II started and everything slowed down again. It wasn't until after World War II ended that his coolers effectively shaped the nation. In 1965, around ten percent of American homes had air conditioning. By 2007, it was eighty-six percent, with massive population shifts finding people moving to hotter climes. It's safe to say Americans are the most air-conditioned people in the world, while much of the rest of the world remains just fine, if a little hotter, living in unaltered conditions. We here at the American Treasure Tour say it's nice to experience both worlds - with and without air conditioning!
ANSWER: B) A fan. Chinese archaeologists have found fans as old as 3,000 years!