QUESTION: Which of the following companies was not in competition with J.P. Seeburg for jukebox production?
Yesterday, we told the story of how the J.P. Seeburg Company became the greatest producer of coin-operated pianos and orchestrions (nickelodeons) in the United States during the 1920's. There were a number of reasons why business started going south towards the end of the decade - competition with radio being the biggest. In 1927, production was completely shut down on orchestrions, despite the fact that the same year over one million paper rolls sold, the largest number in any one year ever. Seeburg began to concentrate on what he called coin-operated phonographs. The "Audiophone" was one of his first multi-selection jukeboxes, which came out the next year. Then, in the early-1930's, J.P. retired from direct involvement in the business and left it to his son Noel. Noel devoted his attention to jukebox production and made some innovations that blew away the competition.
In 1949, Seeburg developed the first device that allowed a jukebox to play both sides of a record. Not only could it hold fifty 78 rpm records, but it could play both sides - allowing people to select between one hundred songs! Seeburg almost caused all of their competitors to go out of business with this. Then, they took it to the next level the very next year by introducing machines that played 45 rpm records - the first company to do so. 45's had a better sound than 78's and were much smaller. They assured their dominance of the market when, in 1955, they came out with the V-200, which offered two hundred selections. Over the years, though, jukebox sales fluctuated. Seeburg tried to roll with the punches, offering innovations and retaining their dominance in the industry. But, by 1980, they had to close their doors. Their name has appeared on CD jukeboxes and other mechanisms since then, but Seeburg's golden age is no more than a memory, to be celebrated by lovers of technology. Their machines are famously beautiful and a compliment to any collection.
ANSWER: A) Seeburg, of course.