QUESTION: What does the word "Lackawanna" mean in the Lenni Lenape language?
A) Wanting what you do not have
B) Stream that Forks
C) Absence of Water
D) The Television was Left On Overnight
The steam engine truly changed the way people live. Before its invention, even short-distance travel was a massive endeavor. A twenty mile commute would take all day. Then, with the advent of the train, distances became easier to conquer, travel and communication became much quicker. That began in 1830, when the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) was established. Within a few decades, there were dozens of different railroad lines in the eastern United States - the transcontinental railroad would not appear until the late-1860's, connecting the east and west coasts.
The railroad industry is the story of ambitious men who established companies, consolidated, diversified, and expanded. The story of the Lackawanna Railroad reflects that: mergers, buy-outs, name changes. Originally founded in 1834 as the Cayuga & Susquehanna Railroad, it morphed into the Liggett's Gap Railroad in 1849, then the Lackawanna & Western in 1851. A primary station for the trains was in Scranton, Pennsylvania, where some of the nation's most productive coal mines were located. By the 1880's, they had another name change, becoming the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (DLW). Coal transport was their primary function, but commuter transport and merchandise traffic turned into major profit makers for them as well.
The advent of the trucking industry, reductions in usage of coal, and natural disasters such as hurricanes led to financial struggles for the DLW such that they were eventually compelled to sell. In 1976, Conrail took them over and a number of their rail lines were retired. Conrail was bought out by CSX in 1997, who continues to run trains on some of the Lackawanna's surviving tracks, while other tracks are used by the impressive Steamtown National Historic Site in Scranton, Pennsylvania, dedicated to preserving the memory of the classic steam-powered railroad industry that dominated our country for many, many decades.
ANSWER: B) Stream that Forks